There are few experiences that rival the joy of tossing your line and working your lures through the serene water at a beautiful sunrise. Maybe you have heard some of your friends share their fish tales or show pictures of the beautiful scenery and the awesome fish. And now you want to find out how to get started so you can share this great time too.
So, let’s prepare to learn the art of casting with a spinning rod and reel.
Casting a spinning reel involves the following steps: find your target, adjust and open the bail, hold the line, swing the rod forward while releasing the line, then stop the line with your finger, close the bail and retrieve the lure.
There are many more details I have provided and a few links and videos that bring this topic into focus. So let’s learn how to cast a spinning reel!
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How To Cast A Spinning Reel Accurately
When I get ready to make my first cast of the day, I try to keep a few things in mind. Be aware of which way the wind is blowing. Casting into the wind takes practice and will affect accuracy, so I would try to cast in angles away from the direct wind direction
Secondly, practice casting with different lures so you can learn how to pinpoint location targeting. Learn how to cast light lures with a spinning reel.
And lastly, remember it takes some practice to get comfortable with casting and using different lures and reels. Each will make it feel a little different.
There are four things to remember when getting ready to cast a spinning reel.
How to cast a spinning reel
- Prepare The Reel For Casting
Turn the bail until the line is the closest the your index finger. Hold the reel with two or three fingers before the post and slightly pull and hold the line with your index finger. Open the bail all the way with your free hand.
- Prepare The Rod For Casting
Let line out until the lure or bait is 8-12 inches from the rod tip. Point the rod to the target location where you want the bait to land. Hold the rod with your dominant hand on the reel and the other hand to the bottom of the rod handle.
- Casting The Line
Pull rod back behind you and swing rod forward with a smooth motion towards the target in an overhand, rollover, or side casting angle. Release the line with your trigger finger at the time of the cast.
- Stop The Line, Close The Bail And Retrieve The Lure
Stop the line with a tug of the trigger finger when the lure has reached the target. Manually close the bail with a flick motion with your nondominant hand. Turn the crank to start retrieving the line.
There are three main casting techniques used by fisherman.
- Roll Cast
- Overhand Cast
- Side Cast
Release index finger as you cast. If the cast is too high, you are releasing your trigger finger too early. Otherwise, if your cast is too low, you are releasing too late. Practice with the timing and the feel with help with this considerably.
One Hand Or Two Hand Approach
Some people prefer a single hand to cast their rod. This is usually for shorter casts or a habit they picked up early. It is bad technique and will affect the distance and accuracy of the cast. And how quickly you respond to retrieving the line.
Accuracy is important and highly improved by using two hands because two hands provides extra control.
The bottom hand is necessary to provide power and speed to whip the rod in motion for an accurate and long cast. This is called tip speed. Good tip speed generates enough energy to make the long casts.
Line Retrieval Techniques
Make it a practice to manually close the bail before cranking. Cranking first to close can cause a jerk can lead to line twisting and make a mess of your reel.
Many new fisherman either reel quickly or slow and jerky. Understand retrieval techniques required for each each bait.
Your going to want to know the target depth of your bait as you retrieve. Do you want your bait near the surface, along the bottom or in-between. Some lures will dive, some will float and others spin.
If you want your bait near the top, you want to start reeling as soon as the bait hits the water.
If you want the bait to sink to a lower depth, you can let line out manually until it hits the bottom. You will start to feel a slack by then.
You can retrieve the baits with a steady retrieve, steady and twitch, stop and go, and hop and pause depending on the bait you use.
What Is A Spinning Reel?
- Bail – releases line from the spool when open and stops unwinding the line when closed
- Line Spool – stores the line and turns with the bail to release line
- Line Roller – guides the line from the spool to the rod
- Dial – controls the drag or friction on the line to slow unwinding
- Reel Handle – retrieves the line
- Post – Stem that fastens the spinning reel to the rod
- Gear Ratio – determines how fast the line retrieves
There are high speed and low speed reels. Nearly all of the time you want to go with a high speed reel. This relates to how fast the reel picks up the line as you crank. Low speed reels are great for technique casting.
For example, for a reel with a 6.4 to 1 gear ratio, for each crank of the line, the gear turns the spool 6.4 times. That is around 37 inches of line each crank. This will allow you to pick up line near underwater structures or a fast hook set of a fish.
A slow speed reel is good to force a slower presentation to fish.
Here is a terrific resource for more information about fishing reel gear ratios and why the are important: Choosing the Right Gear Ratio Fishing Reel.
What Make An Open Faced Reel Good For Beginners?
The spinning reel, also known as the open faced reel, is one of the easiest to learn how to use and cast a line. It is great for beginners without the fear of “backlash” like baitcasters.
One of the clever features is that it includes the parts to be set up for a left-handed or right-handed retrieve out of the box. This can really be handy if you share it with one of your friends or family.
Spinning reels excel at light weight fishing techniques and small fish over bait casting gear. So, it is perfect for smaller bodies of water like creeks, rivers and lakes. Great for light-weight lures and baits like soft plastics and live baits.
Spinning rods are designed differently than the bastcaster models. Three-quarters of the rod has the “action” of the rod; only one quarter has the backbone of the rod. The intended purpose is more sensitive “feel” for nibbles and bites of smaller fish while allowing more whipping action for greater distances. Casting is determined by how hard you want to cast the bait.
You can surf cast with heavier model spinning reels using some of the larger spool sizes and drag settings. The rod material and length allows fishing for larger game fish off the coast.
Challenges Using Spinner Reels
Spinning reels are prone to line twist. This is mainly due to incorrect spooling of new line onto the reel. Here are is a great technique for preventing issues like this here.
Requires more maintenance if you want to keep your fishing equipment operating smoothly and lasting longer. Fortunately it is fairly easy. Just break down the reel and clean the components with the proper solution, grease the gears and oil the bearings. Or take it to your favorite fishing tackle store for this maintenance.
Accuracy requires more practice and is harder due to larger rod eye size and greater line distance from the rod leaving more room for bait movement.
- Casting a spinning reel involves the following steps: find your target, adjust and open the bail, hold the line, swing the rod forward while releasing the line, then stop the line with your finger, close the bail and retrieve the lure
- There are three main casting techniques used by fisherman: roll cast, overhand cast and side cast
- A two handed cast generates greater tip speed which provides more speed, strength and accuracy to a cast
- Make it a practice to manually close the bail before cranking
- The type of bait and what presentation water depth you are targeting determines retrieval speed
- A high gear ratio quick retrieval speed and a lower gear slows it down
- Spinning reels excel at light weight fishing techniques and small fish over bait casting gear
- Three-quarters of the spinning rod has the “action” of the rod; only one quarter has the backbone of the rod which allows for more whip to the cast